Volkswagen cross-country-vehicle

VW Kübelwagen

Shortly before the beginning of the war Ferdinand Porsche was commissioned to develop a light cross-country-vehicle for the army. Since time was of the essence, he decided to adopt the construction features of the tried and tested VW limousine. The chassis was merely reinforced and given more ground clearance. On top of that Porsche mounted a light body fitting the purpose of military service. The air-cooled flat engine was also adopted with few modifications. What first appeared as an improvised, less-than-ideal solution soon proved to be a big hit. All experts agree that the VW-bucket- car Type 62 or Type 82, respectively, was the best light car at the disposal of the German army. Above all, in spite of its civilian roots, it was clearly superior to all passenger cars specifically designed for military use. A special variant available as of 1941 was an amphibious bucket car (types 128 and 166) with four-wheel drive. Due to its small draught, however, which permitted safe amphibious operation in calm waters only, this car was, in fact, used as a road vehicle only, where the four-wheel drive and generous groundclearance made it ideal for cross-country operation.
Source: The big museumsbook

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VW Kübelwagen


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